Hurricane Evacuation Studies

Alabama

[graphic of cover of report-Alabama Hurricane Evacuation Study]

Alabama Hurricane Evacuation Study (187 MB ZIP)

Summary: The purpose of the Alabama Hurricane Evacuation Study is to develop tools and information that will help the state and county emergency management offices decide who should evacuate during a hurricane threat and when the evacuation order should be given to ensure all evacuees have enough time to get to safety.

Florida

[graphic of cover of report-Apalachee Bay Region: Hurricane Evacuation Study-Technical Data Report for Gulf, Franklin, Wakulla and Jefferson Counties, Florida]

Apalachee Bay Region: Hurricane Evacuation Study — Technical Data Report for Gulf, Franklin, Wakulla and Jefferson Counties, Florida (26 MB PDF)

Summary: The purpose of this hurricane evacuation study is to provide emergency management officials with realistic data by quantifying the major factors in hurricane evacuation decision making. These data are provided as a framework of information that counties can use to update and revise their hurricane evacuation plans and operational procedures to improve their response to future hurricane threats.

[graphic of cover of report-Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Assessment for Broward County]

Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Assessment for Broward County (16.4 MB PDF)

Summary: The Lower Southeast Florida hurricane evacuation study is an update of the 1983 regional study for Monroe, Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties and is intended to provide emergency management officials with detailed data quantifying the major factors involved in hurricane evacuation decision making. This is a document that evaluates the evacuation procedures specifically for Broward County.

[graphic of cover of report-Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Assessment for Monroe County]

Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Assessment for Monroe County (10 MB PDF)

Summary: The Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study is an update of the 1983 regional study for Monroe, Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties and is intended to provide emergency management officials with detailed data quantifying the major factors in hurricane evacuation decision making. This is a document that evaluates the evacuation procedure specifically for Monroe County.

[graphic of cover of report-Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Assessment for Palm Beach County]

Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Assessment for Palm Beach County (12.4 MB PDF)

Summary: The Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study is an update of the 1983 regional study for Monroe, Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties and is intended to provide emergency management officials with detailed data quantifying the major factors in hurricane evacuation decision making. This is a document that evaluates the evacuation procedure specifically for Palm Beach County.

[graphic of cover of report-Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Transportation Analysis for Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties]

Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Transportation Analysis for Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties (18.4 MB PDF)

Summary: The overall goals of the transportation analysis were to estimate clearance times, to define the evacuation road network, and to look at general traffic control issues that could affect traffic flow along critical roadway segments. Basic assumptions for the transportation analysis were then developed related to storm scenarios, population-at-risk, behavioral and socioeconomic characteristics, the roadway system, and traffic control.

[graphic of cover of report-Technical Data Report for Lower Southeast Florida HES]

Technical Data Report for Lower Southeast Florida HES (65.4 MB PDF)

Summary: The objective of this study is to provide a quantitative framework upon which each county in the Lower Southeast Florida study area can update and refine existing hurricane evacuation plans. To accomplish this objective, technical data were developed to identify and measure the critical elements of the hurricane evacuation process.

[graphic of cover of report-Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study]

Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study (5.2 MB PDF)

Summary: The Lower Southeast Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study is an update of the 1983 regional study for Monroe, Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach Counties and is intended to provide emergency management officials with detailed data quantifying the major factors in hurricane evacuation decision making.

[graphic of cover of report-Northwest Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report for Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Bay, Holmes, Jackson, and Washington Counties]

Northwest Florida Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report for Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Bay, Holmes, Jackson, and Washington Counties (49.2 MB PDF)

Summary: The purpose of this hurricane evacuation study is to provide emergency management officials in Northwest Florida with information that could assist them in hurricane evacuation decision making. The technical data presented in the report can be used by county and state agencies to supplement their hurricane evacuation plans and operational procedures in response to hurricane threats.

[graphic of cover of report-Treasure Coast Region Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report — Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, and Palm Beach Counties, Florida]

Treasure Coast Region Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report — Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin, and Palm Beach Counties, Florida (46.6 MB PDF)

Summary: The purpose of this study is to provide emergency management officials with realistic data quantifying the major factors in hurricane evacuation decision making. The data will provide a framework counties can use to update and revise their hurricane evacuation plans and from which operational procedures and guides can be developed for future hurricane threats.

Georgia

[graphic of cover of report-Georgia Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report]

Georgia Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report (84.8 MB ZIP)

Summary: The purpose of this hurricane evacuation study is to provide local government officials with information that could assist them in hurricane evacuation decision making, and emergency management officials with information for effective planning. County and state agencies can use the technical data presented in this report to supplement their hurricane evacuation plans and operational procedures in responding to future hurricane threats.

Maryland

[graphic of cover of report-Maryland Hurricane Evacuation Study]

Maryland Hurricane Evacuation Study (8 MB ZIP)

Summary: The purpose of this study is to develop policies and plans to safely and efficiently evacuate people during a hurricane and to increase public awareness of hurricane dangers. The report consists of five separate yet related analyses: a hazards analysis, a vulnerability analysis, a behavioral analysis, a shelter analysis, and a transportation analysis. The analyses produce data that define hurricane hazards and responses.

Mid-Atlantic

[graphic of cover of report-Atlantic Coast Delaware-Maryland Line to Gargathy Inlet, Virginia]

Hurricane Study: Atlantic Coast Delaware-Maryland Line to Gargathy Inlet, Virginia (48 MB PDF)

Summary: This report presents a summary of the hurricane problem on the Atlantic Coast of Maryland and Virginia from the Delaware-Maryland line to the southern boundary of the U.S. Army Engineer District, about 16 miles south of Chincoteague, Virginia. The authors present a plan of protection for the area, along with an economic analysis of the proposed protection recommendations. The purpose of the report is to aid area officials in the establishment of floodplain regulatory measures and evacuation procedures.

[graphic of cover of report-Chesapeake Bay, Potomac, and Rappahannock Rivers]

Hurricane Survey: Chesapeake Bay, Potomac, and Rappahannock Rivers (7.6 MB PDF)

Summary: This report presents a summary of the hurricane problem in the tidal area of the Washington District as determined from reconnaissance surveys and public hearings, and presents plans for continuation of the hurricane survey. The area covered by this report includes the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland from Cove Point to Point Lookout; portions of Virginia from Smith Point at the mouth of the Potomac River to Wolf Trap Light; and the tidal reaches of the Potomac, Rappahannock, Patuxent, and Piankatank Rivers.

[graphic of cover of report-Colonial Beach, Westmoreland County, Virginia]

: This report presents the results from studies of hurricane tidal flooding and wave damage to the Town Hurricane Survey: Colonial Beach, Westmoreland County, Virginia (2 MB PDF)

of Colonial Beach, Virginia, and adjacent areas. The purpose is to present the findings of this extended reconnaissance survey and recommendations for reduction of damages during future hurricanes.

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Survey: Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area (May]

Hurricane Survey: Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area (May 1963) (2.2 MB PDF)

Summary: This report concentrates on hurricane effects that are subject to modification by protective works, zoning, and evacuation. The study seeks to determine the extent of hurricane-induced tides, evaluate damages for various levels of flooding, determine the engineering and economic feasibility of protective works, and determine the need for zoning and evacuation plans.

[graphic of cover of report-Tidewater Portions of Patuxent, Potomac, and Rappahannock Rivers, including adjacent Chesapeake Bay Shoreline]

Tidewater Portions of Patuxent, Potomac, and Rappahannock Rivers, including adjacent Chesapeake Bay Shoreline (2 MB PDF)

Summary: This report includes a general appraisal of the hurricane problem related to the tidewater areas of the Patuxent, Potomac, and Rappahannock Rivers and portions of the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay. The report includes information from public hearings to aid in defining problem areas and to record the public's interests and desires. Also included is an assessment of probable damages, a compilation of information on the frequency of hurricane activity and attendant tidal flooding, and assessments of the need for floodplain regulatory measures, protective warning and evacuation procedures, and other possible means of reducing damages.

Mississippi

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Evacuation Transportation Analysis for Hurricane Georges]

Hurricane Evacuation Transportation Analysis for Hurricane Georges (41.3 MB PDF)

Summary: This document is a restudy that was done in response to the impacts that Hurricane Georges had on the evacuees of the coastal Mississippi counties. It documents the basic findings from the study analysis and provides information that will be needed to better handle traffic during evacuations.

[graphic of cover of report-Mississippi Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report for Hancock, Harrison, and Jackson Counties]

Mississippi Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report for Hancock, Harrison, and Jackson Counties (91.2 MB PDF)

Summary: The purpose of this hurricane evacuation study is to provide emergency management officials in Mississippi with information that could assist them in hurricane evacuation decision making. County and state agencies can use the technical data presented in this report to supplement their hurricane evacuation plans and operational procedures in responding to hurricane threats.

North Carolina

[graphic of cover of report-North Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Report]

North Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Report (272 MB ZIP)

Summary: The purpose of this hurricane evacuation restudy is to reevaluate the major factors that must be considered in hurricane preparedness and to provide North Carolina emergency management officials with timely, state of the art information for sound hurricane evacuation decision making. State and county agencies can use the technical data presented in this report to supplement or revise their hurricane evacuation plans and operational procedures, enabling them to more effectively respond to future hurricane threats.

[graphic of cover of report-Transportation Analysis Update for North Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Restudy for Brunswick, New Hanover, Pender, And Onslow Counties]

Transportation Analysis Update for North Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Restudy for Brunswick, New Hanover, Pender, And Onslow Counties (35.2 MB PDF)

Summary: This report is an effort to continue to fine-tune North Carolina's hurricane preparedness and evacuation procedures. Some of the main objectives of this study were to count the population and dwelling units in certain areas and quantify their potential evacuation population, identify the existing evacuation roadway network and note improvements that have been made, determine the hurricane evacuation clearance times for each county, and convert study graphics to GIS format.

South Carolina

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South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report (81.1 MB PDF)

Summary: The purpose of this study is to provide state and local emergency preparedness decision makers in South Carolina with the quantitative, realistic (real-time) data necessary for effecting safe, efficient evacuation of communities at risk in hurricane emergencies.

[graphic of cover of report-South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Study Appendix II Behavioral Analyses]

South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Study Appendix II Behavioral Analyses (4.8 MB PDF)

Summary: This report is based on the belief that place-specific survey results on people's intentions to respond to various threats can be combined with a careful analysis of what people have actually been observed to do in real situations in order to predict the behavior of the surrounding communities. This report uses a variety of methods and information in arriving at its recommendations on the behavioral assumptions which should be made in hurricane evacuation studies in South Carolina.

[graphic of cover of report-South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report Addendum]

South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Study: Technical Data Report Addendum (3.3 MB PDF)

Summary: As a follow-up to the transportation analysis performed for the South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Study, several technical issues were reexamined to address specific concerns of local emergency preparedness directors. This technical addendum briefly describes the technical modifications made for five counties and then provides updated computer sheets of relevant evacuation statistics.

[graphic of cover of report-South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Restudy: Technical Data Report]

South Carolina Hurricane Evacuation Restudy: Technical Data Report (670 MB ZIP)

Summary: The purpose of this hurricane evacuation study is to provide emergency management officials in South Carolina with information that could assist them in hurricane evacuation decision making. The technical data presented in this report can be used by county and state agencies to supplement their hurricane evacuation plans and operational procedures in response to future hurricane threats.

HES Technical Guidelines

[graphic of cover of report-Technical Guidelines for Hurricane Evacuation Studies]

Technical Guidelines for Hurricane Evacuation Studies (14.5 MB PDF)

Summary: This document was prepared using previous hurricane evacuation study procedures and is intended to be a flexible framework with which the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers can effectively develop important information and translate it to local officials. A broad use of these guidelines should provide uniformity of terminology and content to a complex study process.