Post-Storm Assessments

The following reports provide information on post-storm assessments. Reports can be accessed by following one of the links below. Note: most of the reports are in Portable Document Format (PDF). Download Adobe® Reader® to view the reports.

Hurricane Alicia

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Alicia: Galveston and Houston Texas-August 17-18, 1983]

Hurricane Alicia: Galveston and Houston, Texas — August 17-18, 1983 (56.4 MB PDF)

Summary: The purposes of this report are to document the storm's characteristics and effects; to call attention to specific characteristics, effects, and storm-related conditions that could be studied further with beneficial results; and to examine the warnings, responses, and recovery occasioned by the storm. The report is based on a four-day survey of the conditions after the storm and on oral and written follow-up.

Hurricane Andrew

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Andrew Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination]

Hurricane Andrew Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (9.7 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Andrew, several hurricane evacuation studies for the lower southeast Florida coast had been done. Since Andrew directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on behavioral characteristics of evacuees, shelter issues, transportation clearance times, and evacuation decisions.

Hurricanes Bertha and Fran

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricanes Bertha and Fran Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination Final Report]

Hurricanes Bertha and Fran Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination — Final Report (12 MB PDF)

Summary: The purpose of this post-storm assessment is to evaluate the effectiveness and usefulness of hurricane evacuation study data and products which were used during Hurricanes Bertha and Fran evacuations in Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. This report gives a summary of the events and the general observations and recommendations which resulted from this analysis. Detailed recommendations for each state are provided at the end of each chapter.

Hurricane Bonnie

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Bonnie Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination]

Hurricane Bonnie Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (6.2 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Bonnie, several hurricane evacuation restudies had been done in both North and South Carolina. Since Bonnie directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on behavioral characteristics of evacuees, shelter issues, transportation clearance times, and evacuation decisions.

Hurricane Camille

[graphic of cover of report-Report on Hurricane Camille: 14-22 August 1969]

Report on Hurricane Camille: 14-22 August 1969 (8.6 MB PDF)

Summary: This report covers the meteorological history of Hurricane Camille and its effect on the counties in Mississippi and Alabama that were declared disaster areas. A comprehensive survey was conducted within the areas of tidal inundation to collect data on damages for use in future hurricane protection projects. The data presented in the report have been derived from the most reliable sources of information available at the time.

Hurricane Emily

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Emily Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination]

Hurricane Emily Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (4.5 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Emily, a comprehensive hurricane evacuation study had been completed for eastern North Carolina. Since Emily directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on public shelters, evacuation decisions and transportation clearance times.

Hurricane Floyd

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Floyd Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination]

Hurricane Floyd Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (56.9 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Floyd, a comprehensive hurricane evacuation study had been done for many of the impacted areas. Since Floyd directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on behavioral characteristics of evacuees, public shelters, evacuation decisions and transportation clearance times.

Hurricane Georges

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Georges Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination]

Hurricane Georges Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (14.2 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Georges, a comprehensive hurricane evacuation study had been done for many of the impacted areas. Since Georges directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on behavioral characteristics of evacuees, public shelters, evacuation decisions and transportation clearance times.

Hurricane Hugo

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Hugo Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination]

Hurricane Hugo Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (4.9 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Hugo, comprehensive hurricane evacuation studies had been completed for South Carolina and North Carolina, and a study for Georgia neared completion. Since Hugo directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on behavioral characteristics of evacuees, public shelters, evacuation decisions and transportation clearance times.

Hurricane Iniki

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Iniki Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination]

Hurricane Iniki Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (4.7 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Iniki, a comprehensive hurricane evacuation study had been completed for the south shore of Oahu and was nearing completion for the eastern and northern side of the island. Since Iniki directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on public shelters, evacuation decisions and transportation clearance times.

Hurricane Isabel

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Isabel Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Study Products and Other Aspects of the National Hurricane Mitigation and Preparedness Program (NHMPP) in the Context of the Hurricane Isabel Response]

Hurricane Isabel Assessment: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Study Products and Other Aspects of the National Hurricane Mitigation and Preparedness Program (NHMPP) in the Context of the Hurricane Isabel Response (9.0 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Isabel, comprehensive hurricane evacuation studies had been completed for North Carolina, Virginia and Maryland. Since Isabel directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on behavioral characteristics of evacuees, public shelters, evacuation decisions and transportation clearance times.

Hurricane Lili

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Lili Post Storm Assessment with effects from Tropical Storm Isidore: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination ]

Hurricane Lili Post Storm Assessment with effects from Tropical Storm Isidore: Review of Hurricane Evacuation Studies Utilization and Information Dissemination (10.6 MB PDF)

Summary: Before Hurricane Lili and Tropical Storm Isidore, comprehensive hurricane evacuation studies had been completed for Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. Since these storms directly affected areas where previous study data were available, there was an opportunity to find out whether previous information collected was accurate, how well products were utilized from past studies, and what improvements could still be made. This report addresses information on behavioral characteristics of evacuees, public shelters, evacuation decisions and transportation clearance times.

Hurricane Opal

[graphic of cover of report-Hurricane Opal Assessment: Review of the Use and Value of Hurricane Evacuation Study Products in the Hurricane Opal Evacuation of Alabama and Florida]

Hurricane Opal Assessment: Review of the Use and Value of Hurricane Evacuation Study Products in the Hurricane Opal Evacuation of Alabama and Florida (7.9 MB PDF)

Summary: This report is an assessment of what went wrong with the Hurricane Opal evacuation and why the tools and products developed from past studies were not used. It offers a synopsis of recommendations for improvement in the future and goes into depth on evacuation timing and suggestions about how to promote more appropriate public responses.