Land use and land cover have significant impacts on ecosystem health, with impervious surface runoff and natural areas that provide flood protection or pollutant filtering being obvious examples. Information on how and where these and other land changes are occurring is essential to understanding the potential impacts from our past management practices and in choosing the right course of action for the future.
Digital Coast Webinar Series
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A major challenge for coastal communities is planning for the impacts of current and future flood hazards. This webinar will highlight two resources that NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management has developed to facilitate resilience planning in coastal communities. The first step in planning for flood impacts is to understand a community’s exposure to coastal flood hazards.
MarineCadastre.gov has recently undergone a facelift to freshen its look, improve data discovery and display, and enhance the ocean planning experience. Through these recent updates, users have more direct access to data and web services to help facilitate the growing need for generating web-based maps on the fly. This webinar will highlight some of the new features and demonstrate how the various components of the project are being used by ocean professionals and re-served to other data portals, saving time, money, and confusion for those looking for authoritative marine spatial data.
A lot of people’s livelihoods depend on the resources of the oceans and Great Lakes. Economics: National Ocean Watch (ENOW) is the only nationally consistent data set that is focused on monitoring the ocean and Great Lakes economy. These time-series data report the establishments, employment, wages, and gross domestic product for six ocean-dependent sectors. ENOW provides data for about 400 counties, 30 coastal states, 8 regions, and the nation. This webinar will be an interactive dialogue between Duke University Nicholas Institute scholar Linwood Pendleton and NOAA economist Jeff Adkins.
Vessel traffic data, or Automatic Identification System (AIS) data, are collected by the U.S. Coast Guard through an onboard navigation safety device that transmits and monitors the location and characteristics of large vessels in real time. The MarineCadastre.gov project team has worked with the Coast Guard and NOAA’s Office of Coast Survey to repurpose and make available some of the most important data for use in ocean planning applications.
Understanding human uses of the ocean is essential to successful marine planning. Unfortunately, spatial data on ocean uses are often limited and difficult to capture consistently over large areas. Participatory geographic information system (PGIS) processes provide interactive ways to capture local knowledge and ocean use patterns through specialized GIS mapping tools. NOAA has been working with partners all over the country to apply this method at local and regional scales.
The new report “What Will Adaptation Cost? An Economic Framework for Coastal Community Infrastructure” provides a framework that community leaders and planners can use to make more economically informed decisions about adapting to sea level rise and storm flooding. The four-step framework can be used to perform a holistic assessment of costs and benefits across a community, or to focus in on select infrastructure. Read the report.
Through its habitat restoration and ecosystem monitoring programs, the Lower Columbia Estuary Partnership (LCEP) works to protect and restore the Lower Columbia River estuary, one of 28 estuaries in the nation designated as an “Estuary of National Significance.” In 2009, staff members from LCEP and the NOAA Office for Coastal Management began discussions over the potential to collaborate on the production of an up-to-date land cover map of the Lower Columbia River floodplain.
The Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS) provides a comprehensive national framework for organizing information about coasts and oceans and their living systems. This framework accommodates the physical, biological, and chemical data that collectively define coastal and marine ecosystems. The recent endorsement of CMECS by the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) is an important step in facilitating development of regionally consistent spatial data and integrating data derived using various technologies.
Want one place where you can see all of the ways a data set is available through the Digital Coast? Would you like to access, download, and view data sets? Then you’re in luck! The newly released Digital Coast Data Registry is your new one-stop shop for all the data you can handle from the Digital Coast. This new resource brings together data collected by many different entities and hosted from many different places into one centralized access point.