OFFICE FOR COASTAL MANAGEMENT

Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program

Docket: Finding that Oregon has Failed to Submit a Fully Approvable Coastal Nonpoint Program

January 30, 2015

  1. Statutes, Regulations, and Rules
  2. Guidance, Policies and Plans
  3. Correspondence
  4. Technical References
  5. Other

A. Statutes, Regulations, and Rules

  1. Agricultural Water Quality Management, State of Oregon, ORS 568.900-933
  2. Agricultural Water Quality Management Program, Mid-Coast Agricultural Water Quality Management Area, Oregon Department of Agriculture, OAR 603-95-2200.
  3. Basin Programs, Water Resources Department, OAR Chapter 690-500.
  4. California Forest Practice Rules, Title 14, California Code of Regulations, Division 1.5, Chapter 4, Subchapter 4, 5 & 6 Forest District Rules, Article 6 Water Course and Lake Protection
  5. Chemical and other Petroleum Product Rules, OAR 629-620-0000.
  6. Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990 (CZARA) Section 6217(a), 16 U.S.C. 1455b, 1990.
  7. Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990 (CZARA) Section 6217(g), 16 U.S.C. 1455b, 1990.
  8. Drainage, Forest Roads, Oregon Department of Forestry (ODF), OAR 629-625-0330.
  9. Endangered and Threatened Species: Final Listing Determinations for 16 ESUs of West Coast Salmon, and Final 4(d) Protective Regulations for Threatened Salmonid ESUs. National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce. 50 C.F.R. Parts 223 and 224. Effective August 29, 2005.
  10. Federal Insecticides, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), 7 U.S.C. 136-136y, 1972.
  11. Federal Water Pollution Control Act (also known as Clean Water Act), 33 U.S.C. Section 1251 et seq, 1972.
  12. Forest Practice Rules, OAR 629-600.
  13. Forest Practices Act, ORS 527.600.
  14. Interim court ordered pesticide buffers, Oregon Department of Agriculture, September 19, 2013. www.oregon.gov/ODA/PEST/Pages/buffers.aspx
  15. Listing Endangered and Threatened Species: Threatened Status for the Oregon Coast and Coho Salmon Evolutionary Significant Unit. National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce. 50 C.F.R. Parts 223. Effective June 20, 2011.
  16. Modifies provisions related to septic systems in disclosure statement required of seller of real property, H.B. 3172, State of Oregon, 2013.
  17. Oregon Department of Agriculture; Division 74; Confined Animal Feeding Operation Program; OAR-603-074, ORS-468B
  18. Pesticides Control, OAR 603-57.
  19. Pesticides Control Law, ORS 634.
  20. Rules Pertaining to the Idaho Forest Practices Act, IAR 20-02-01.
  21. Shallow, Rapidly Moving Landslides and Public Safety, Oregon Department of Forestry, OAR 629-623-0000.
  22. Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs), Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, OAR 340-042-0080.
  23. Washington Administrative Code, Handling, storage, and application of other forest chemicals, WAC-222-38-040
  24. Water Protection Rules: Vegetation Retention Along Streams, Oregon Department of Forestry, OAR 629-640-000-110.
  25. Wet Weather Road Use, Forest Roads, Oregon Department of Forestry, OAR 629-625-0700.

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B. Guidance, Policies and Plans:

  1. Pesticide Stewardship Partnerships in Oregon, Webpage and Fact Sheet, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, March 2012.
  2. Pesticide Management Plan for Water Quality Protection, State of Oregon, Oregon Department of Agriculture, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, Oregon Department of Forestry, Oregon Health Authority, May 2011.
  3. TMDL Implementation Plan Guidance for State and Local Government Designated Management Agencies, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, May 2007.
  4. Western Oregon Stream Restoration Program, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, May 6, 2005.
  5. EPA. 2003. Developing Water Quality Criteria for Suspended and Bedded Sediments (SABS): Potential Approaches (Draft). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, August 2003.
  6. Avoiding Roads in Critical Locations, Forest Practices Technical Note Number 7, Oregon Department of Forestry, June 20, 2003.
  7. Policy Clarification on Overlap of 6217 Coastal Nonpoint Programs with Phase I and II Stormwater Regulations. Memorandum from Charles Sutfin, Director, Assessment and Watershed Protection Division, EPA and John King, Acting Chief, Coastal Programs Division, NOAA to State Water Division Directors and EPA Regional Water Division Directors, December 20, 2002.
  8. Enforceable Policies and Mechanisms for State Coastal Nonpoint Source Programs. Memorandum from Dov Weitman, Chief, Nonpoint Source Control Branch, EPA and Peyton Robertson, Coastal Programs Division, NOAA to State Coastal Nonpoint Program Coordinators and State Nonpoint Source Coordinators, January 23, 2001.
  9. Bauer, S.B. and S.C. Ralph. 1999. Aquatic Habitat Indicators and their Application to Water Quality Objectives within the Clean Water Act. Section 3. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10, July 1999.  p. 20. EPA 910-R-99-014.
  10. Oregon Aquatic Habitat Restoration and Enhancement Guide, the Oregon Plan for Salmon and Watersheds, State of Oregon, May 1999.
  11. Final Administrative Changes to the Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program Guidance (cover letter and enclosure titled "Final Administrative Changes to the Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program Guidance for Section 6217 of the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990") from Robert H. Wayland, III, Director, Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds , EPA and Jeffrey Benoit, Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA to State Coastal Zone Management Program Mangers, State Water Quality Program Directors, and Water Management Division Directors, EPA Regions, October 16, 1998.
  12. Western Oregon Irrigation Guides, Website and Fact Sheet, Oregon State University, November 1997.
  13. Flexibility for State Coastal Nonpoint Programs, NOAA and EPA, March 16, 1995.
  14. Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program: Program Development and Approval Guidance, from Robert H. Wayland, III, Director, Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds, EPA and Trudy Coxe, Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA, January 1993.
  15. Guidance Specifying Management Measures for Sources of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters, 840-B-92-002, Office of Water, EPA, January 1993.
  16. Welsch, D.J. 1991. Riparian Forest Buffers: Function and Design for Protection and Enhancement of Water Resources. USDA Forest Service. NA-PR-07-91.

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C. Correspondence:

  1. NOAA and EPA. 2015. Letters to Oregon Tribes Notifying Them of Federal Agencies’ Decision to Disapprove Oregon’s Coastal Nonpoint Program. January 30, 2015.
    1. Chairman Robert Garcia, Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua & Siuslaw
    2. Chairwoman Brenda Meade, Coquille Indian Tribe
    3. Chairman Dan Courtney, Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
    4. Chairman Reyn Leno, Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde
    5. Chairman Don Gentry, Klamath Tribe
    6. Chairwoman Delores Pigsley, Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians
  2. Leinenbach, P. 2015. Images of forest harvest areas where herbicides were applied using aerial broadcast application methods with helicopters in the Triangle Lake region of the central coast range of Oregon. Memorandum from P. Leinenbach to Alan Henning, EPA. January 12, 2015.
  3. Seeds, J., R. Michie, D. Jepsen, and G. Foster. 2014. Responses to Questions/Concerns Raised by Oregon Forestry Industries Council Regarding the Protecting Cold Water Criterion of Oregon’s Temperature Water Quality Standard. Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Memo. June 19, 2014.
  4. State of Oregon. 2014. EPA and NOAA's notice of intent to find that Oregon has failed to submit an approvable coastal nonpoint program. Cover letter to Joelle Gore, NOAA, from Dick Pederson and Jim Rue and enclosure titled "Oregon’s Submittal for the Remaining CZARA Additional Management Measures". March 20, 2014.
  5. NOAA and EPA. 2013. Oregon Coastal Nonpoint Program: NOAA/EPA Proposed Finding. December 20, 2013.
  6. NOAA and EPA. 2013. Letters to Oregon Tribes Notifying Them of Federal Agencies’ Proposed Decision to Disapprove Oregon’s Coastal Nonpoint Program. December 20, 2013.
    1. Chairman Robert Garcia, Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua & Siuslaw
    2. Chairwoman Brenda Meade, Coquille Indian Tribe
    3. Chairman Dan Courtney, Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
    4. Chairman Reyn Leno, Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde
    5. Chairman Gary Frost, Klamath Tribe
    6. Chairwoman Delores Pigsley, Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians
  7. Guidance to Urban and Rural Residential Designated Management Agencies for Including Post-Construction Elements in TMDL Implementation Plans. Letter from Gregory Aldrich, Water Quality Administrator, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, and Patty Snow, Oregon Coastal Management Program Manager, Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, to Daniel Opalski, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, EPA Region 10, and Margaret Davidson, Acting Director, Office of Ocean and Resource Management, NOAA, September 20, 2013. Enclosure includes:
    1. Draft: Guidance to Urban and Rural Residential Designated Management Agencies for Including Post-Construction Elements in TMDL Implementation Plans, September 10, 2013.
  8. Input for Decision Document Rationales on Management Measures. Letter from Dick Pedersen, Director, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, and Jim Rue, Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, to Daniel Opalski, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, EPA Region 10, and Margaret Davidson, Acting Director, Office of Ocean and Resource Management, NOAA, July 15, 2013. Enclosures include:
    1. NOAA and EPA Preliminary Decisions on Information Submitted by Oregon to Meet Coastal Nonpoint Program Conditions (Interim Approval Decisions Only), July 15, 2013.
    2. Summary of Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board funding for projects inside Urban Growth Boundaries from 1999 to April 2013.
    3. Oregon T2 Center's Roads Scholar Program: Helping to Expand Knowledge and Improve Skills in Roadway Maintenance, Oregon Roads Scholar Program, Oregon Technical Transfer Center.
    4. General Authorization for Certain Transportation-Related Activities, OAR 141-089-0740, June 2013.
    5. 2012 Nationwide (NWP) Regional Permit Conditions Portland District, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District.
    6. Summary of OWEB funding for transportation related projects from January 2009 to July 2013 for the Coastal Zone, Rogue, and Umpqua Basins.
    7. ACOE Nationwide # 13, Bank Stabilization, DEQ 401 Certifications
    8. Western Oregon Stream Restoration Program.
    9. Strategy for Monitoring Oregon's Waters.
    10. An Enterprise Approach to Natural Resource Monitoring.
    11. Removal/Fill Permit Template, Oregon Department of State Lands.
    12. Removal/Fill, Wetland/Waterway Permit Template, Oregon Department of State Lands.
  9. Plan for Meeting Three Remaining Measures. Letter from Dick Pedersen, Director, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, and Jim Rue, Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development, to Daniel Opalski, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, EPA Region 10, and Margaret Davidson, Acting Director, Office of Ocean and Resource Management, NOAA, July 1, 2013. Enclosures include:
    1. Final Draft: Guidance for TMDL Implementation Plan Development for Urban/Rural Residential Land Uses within the Coastal Nonpoint Management Area, July 1, 2013.
    2. Oregon's Submittal for Remaining Management Measures for Approval of Oregon's Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program.
  10. Oregon Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program; Additional Information Concerning Oregon's Failure to Regulate Agricultural Nonpoint Pollution. Letter from Nina Bell, Executive Director, Northwest Environmental Advocates to Daniel Opalski, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and Margaret Davidson, Acting Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA, May 10, 2013. Enclosures include:
    1. Support for Slight Modifications to Riparian Matrix. Letter from Will Stelle, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service to Roylene Rides-at-the-Door, U.S. Department of Agriculture and Dennis McLerran, EPA, April 9, 2013.
    2. EPA Oversight of Trading in Oregon Permits Needed to Ensure Consistency with EPA Regulations Implementing the Clean Water Act. Letter from Nina Bell, Northwest Environmental Advocates to Michael Lidgard, EPA, March 15, 2013.
    3. Generalized Decision Path for Assessing Compliance with Mid-Coast Agricultural Rules OAR 603-095-2200 for Establishment and Development of Riparian Vegetation (Draft), April 11, 2011.
    4. Addressing Treaty Rights Issues Associated with Continuing Loss of Habitat Productivity of Importance to Salmon and Steelhead Pollutions and other Fishery Resources in the Pacific Northwest. Letter from Will Stelle, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service to Roylene Rides-at-the Door, U.S. Department of Agriculture and Dennis McLerran, EPA, January 30, 2013. Enclosures include:
      1. Interim Riparian Buffer Recommendations for Streams in Puget Sound Agricultural Landscapes, November 2012.
      2. Review of "Efficacy and Economics of Riparian Buffers on Agricultural Lands. Memorandum from Dr. Usha Varanasi, Northwest Fisheries Science Center to Robert Lohn, National Marine Fisheries Service, March 17, 2003.
  11. Status Report for Remaining Conditions, Including Update on Implementation Ready TMDL. Letter from Gregory Aldrich, Water Quality Division Administrator, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality to Daniel Opalski, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and Margaret Davidson, Acting Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA, March 27, 2013.
  12. Delay in Development of Implementation Ready TMDL in the Mid-Coast, Letter from Gregory Aldrich, Water Quality Division Administrator, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality to Daniel Opalski, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and Margaret Davidson, Acting Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA, February 12, 2013.
  13. Initial Assessment of ODEQ's Implementation Ready (IR) TMDL Approach for the Mid Coast Basin, Cover letter and enclosure The EPA and NOAA's Assessment of Oregon's IR TMDL Approach and the State's Progress in Addressing the Remaining Conditions on its Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program from Daniel Opalski, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and Margaret Davidson, Acting Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA to Greg Aldrich, Acting Administrator, Water Quality Division, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, December 21, 2012.
  14. Oregon Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program; EPA and NOAA's Interim Approval of Agricultural Management Measures for Oregon are Based on a Flawed Understanding of the State's Enforcement Authority. Letter from Nina Bell, Executive Director, NWEA to Michael Bussell, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and John King, Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA. June 13, 2012. Enclosures include:
    1. Interpretation of Oregon Department of Agriculture Area Rules, Letter from Nina Bell, Northwest Environmental Advocates, to Dave Wilkinson, Oregon Department of Agriculture, May 24, 2012.
    2. Interpretation of Oregon Department of Agriculture Basin Rules. Letter from Nina Bell, Northwest Environmental Advocates to Lisa Hanson, Deputy Director, Oregon Department of Agriculture, June 13, 2012.
    3. Memorandum of Agreement between Oregon Department of Agriculture and Oregon Department of Environmental Quality Relating to Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution, May 17, 2012.
  15. Oregon Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program; EPA and NOAA's Interim Approval of Agricultural Management Measures for Oregon. Letter from Nina Bell, Executive Director, Northwest Environmental Advocates to Michael Bussell, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and John King, Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA, May 2, 2012. Enclosures include:
    1. Email and Attachments from Alex Manderson, Food Safety Division, Oregon Department of Agriculture, March 19, 2012.
    2. Email from Dave Wilkinson, Water Quality Program Manager, Oregon Department of Agriculture, to Nina Bell, Northwest Environmental Advocates March 3, 2012.
    3. Report on the Enforcement of the Clean Water Act as it relates to CAFOs (Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations). Oregon Department of Agriculture, Animal Law Clinic, November 8, 2011.
    4. North Coast Basin Agricultural Water Quality Management Area, North Coast Basin Local Advisory Committee, September 2011.
    5. Stout, H.A., et al. "Scientific conclusions of the status review for Oregon Coast coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)," Draft report from the Biological Review Team, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, May 20, 2010
    6. 2010 Tillamook Bay Watershed Health Report. Tillamook Estuaries Partnership.
    7. Oregon CAFO NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) General Permit 01-2009.
    8. Anlauf, K. J., K. K. Jones, and C.H. Stein. "The Status and Trend of Physical Habitat and Rearing Potential in Coho Bearing Streams in the Oregon Coastal Coho Evolutionary Significant Unit," OPSW-ODFW-2009-5, ODFW (2009).
    9. Orin C. Shanks et al. Basin-Wide Analysis of the Dynamics of Fecal Contamination and Fecal Source Identification in Tillamook Bay, Oregon. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72 (August 2006): 5537-5546. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
    10. M.F. Solazzi, et al. Effects of increasing winter rearing habitat on abundance of salmonids in two coastal Oregon streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 57 (2000): 906-914.Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
    11. Memorandum of Agreement Between the Oregon Department of Agriculture and the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality concerning Water Quality Limited Waterbodies (303(d)), Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) and Agricultural Water Quality Management Area Plans, June 6, 1998.
    12. Appendix D, Nestucca Bay Watershed TMDL Water Quality Management Plan (WQMP), Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, April 2002.
    13. National Marine Fisheries Service Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation Biological Opinion for Environmental Protection Agency Registration of Pesticides Containing Chlopyrifos, Diazinon, and Malathion, NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, November 18, 2008.
    14. Oregon Department of Agriculture Plans and Rules, Chart of Adoptions and Revisions.
    15. Tillamook Bay Watershed TMDL, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, 2001.
    16. Umpqua Basin TMDL, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, 2006.
    17. Umpqua Basin, Oregon Department of Agriculture Progress Report, September 13, 2012.
  16. Peterson, E. 2011. Comparative Characterization of Pacific Northwest Forestry Requirements for Aerial Application of Pesticides. August 30, 2011. Memorandum to Scott Downey, EPA, and David Powers, EPA.
  17. ODEQ's Commitment to Implement the Implementation Ready TMDL Approach, Letter from Neil Mullane, Water Quality Division Administrator, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality to Michael Bussell, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and John King, Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA, July 26, 2010.
  18. DEQ Authority to Develop and Implement Load Allocations for Forestland Sources. Memorandum from Larry Knudsen, Senior Assistant Attorney General, Natural Resources Section, Oregon Department of Justice to Neil Mullane, Water Quality Division Administrator, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, July 2, 2010.
  19. NOAA and EPA's Response to Oregon's Proposal on Addressing Remaining Conditions on Oregon's Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program. Letter from Michael Bussell, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, U.S. EPA Region 10 and John King, Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA to Neil Mullane, Water Quality Division Administrator, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and Bob Bailey, Administrator, Coastal Division, Oregon Department of Land, Conservation and Development, May 12, 2010.
  20. Comments on the October 6, 2006 draft of the "State of Oregon Conservation Plan for the Oregon Coast Coho Evolutionarily Significant Unit. Letter from M. Socorro Rodriguez, Director, Oregon Operations Office, U.S. EPA, Region 10 to Kevin Goodson, Conservation Planning Coordinator, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, December 14, 2005.
  21. NOAA and EPA Interim Approval for Boundary, Agriculture and Urban Management Measures (cover letter and enclosure titled "Draft NOAA and EPA Preliminary Decisions on Information Submitted by Oregon to Meet Coastal Nonpoint Program Conditions of Approval Findings for the Oregon Coastal Nonpoint Program") from Rick Parkin, Acting Director, Office of Ecosystems and Communities, U.S. EPA, Region 10 and John King, Chief, Coastal Programs Division, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA to Mike Llewelyn, Administrator, Water Quality Division, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and Nan Evans, Interim Director, Oregon Department of Land, Conservation and Development, January 13, 2004.
  22. Comments on ODF/DEQ Sufficiency Analysis: Stream Temperature (SAST), Oregon Department of Forestry and Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, February 28, 2001.
  23. Findings for the Oregon Coastal Nonpoint Program (cover letter and enclosure titled "Findings for the Oregon Coastal Nonpoint Program") from Chuck Clarke, Regional Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10 and Jeffrey R. Benoit, Director, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, NOAA to Langdon Marsh, Director, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and Richard Benner, Director, Oregon Department of Land, Conservation, and Development, January 13, 1998.
  24. Baker, R. 1996. Analysis of the Oregon Department of Forestry’s (ODF) Most Recent Submission for the State of Oregon’s Coastal Salmon Restoration Initiative. September 10, 1996. NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service. Memorandum from Rowan Baker to Steve Morris and Elizabeth Garr.

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D. Technical References:

  1. Assessing Risks to Endangered and Threatened Species from Pesticides, National Academy of Sciences, 2013.
  2. Leinenbach, P., G. McFadden, and C. Torgersen. 2013. Effects of Riparian Management Strategies on Stream Temperature. Prepared for the Interagency Coordinating Subgroup (ICS).
  3. Louch, J. 2013. Measurement of Glyphosate, Imazapyr, Sulfometuron methyl, and Metsulfuron methyl in Needle Branch Streamwater. National Council for Air and Stream Improvement. Special Report No. 130-1. July 2013.
  4. Stewart, G., J. Dieu, J. Phillips,  M. O’Connor, C. Veldhuisen. 2013. The Mass Wasting Effectiveness Monitoring Project: An examination of the landslide response to the December 2007 storm in Southwestern Washington; Cooperative Monitoring, Evaluation and Research Report (CMER) 08- 802. Washington Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, WA.
  5. Burns, W. J., S. Duplantis, C. Jones, J. English. 2012. LIDAR Data and Landslide Inventory Maps of the North Fork Siuslaw River and Big Elk Creek Watersheds, Lane, Lincoln and Benton Counties, Oregon. Open-File Report O-12-07, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries.
  6. Kelly, V.J., C.W. Anderson, and K. Morgenstern. 2012. Reconnaissance of land-use sources of pesticides in drinking water, McKenzie River, Oregon: USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5091.
  7. NMFS. 2014. Recovery Plan for Southern Oregon/Northern California Coast Coho Salmon. National Marine Fisheries Service, West Coast Regional Office, September 2014.
  8. Scientific Conclusions of the Status Review for Oregon Coast Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NWFSC-118, June 2012.
  9. Whittaker, K.A. and D. McShane. 2012. Comparison of slope instability screening tools following a large storm event and application to forest management and policy. Geomorphology 145-146 (2012); 115-122.
  10. Daugherty, P. and J.D. Groom. Update on Private Forests Riparian Function and Stream Temperature (RipStream) Project. Staff Report. November 3, 2011
  11. NMFS. 2011. National Marine Fisheries Service Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation Biological Opinion Environmental Protection Agency Registration of Pesticides 2,4-D, Triclopyr BEE, Diuron, Linuron, Captan, and Chlorothalonil. NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, June 30, 2011.
  12. Oregon Department of Forestry's Riparian and Stream Temperature Effectiveness Monitoring Product (RipStream) Analysis Articles include:
    1. Groom, J.D., L. Dent, and L.J. Madsen. "Response of Western Oregon Stream Temperatures to Contemporary Forest Management," Forest Ecology and Management, 262.8 (2011): 1618-1629. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
    2. Groom, J.D., L. Dent, and L.J. Madsen. "Stream temperature change detection for state and private forests in the Oregon Coast Range," Water Resources Research, 47.1 (2011). Accessed November 27, 2013. doi:10.1029/2009WR009061. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
    3. Dent, L., D. Vick, K. Abraham, S. Shoenholtz, and S. Johnson. "Summer temperature patterns in headwater streams of the Oregon Coast Range," Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 44 (2008): 803-813. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  13. Marczak, L.B., T. Sakamaki, S. L. Turvey, I. Deguise, S. L. R. Wood, and J. S. Richardson. 2010. Are forested buffers an effective conservation strategy for riparian fauna? An assessment using meta-analysis. Ecological Applications 20(1), 2010, PP. 126-134
  14. Turner, T.R., S.D. Duke, B.R. Frabsen, M.L. Reiter, A.J. Kroll, J.W. Ward, J.L. Bach, T.E. Justice, and R.E. Bilby. "Landslide densities associated with rainfall, stand age, and topography on forested landscapes, southwestern Washington, USA," Forest Ecology and Management, 259.12 (2010): 2233-2247. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  15. Battaglin, W.A., K.C. Rice, M.J. Focazio, S. Salmons, and R.X. Barry. 2009. The occurrence of glyphosate, atrazine, and other pesticides in vernal pools and adjacent streams in Washington, DC, Maryland, Iowa, and Wyoming, 2005-2006. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 155(1-4): 281-307.
  16. Jensen, D.W., E.A. Steel, A.H. Fullerton, G.R. Pess. 2009. Impact of Fine Sediment on Egg-To-Fry Survival of Pacific Salmon: A Meta-Analysis of Published Studies. Reviews in Fisheries Science: 17(3):348-359, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, NOAA Fisheries, Seattle Washington, USA.
  17. Wagner, R. G., M. Newton, E. C. Cole, J. H. Miller, and B. D. Shiver. 2009. The role of herbicides for enhancing forest productivity and conserving land for biodiversity in North America. Wildlife Society Bulletin 2004, 32(4):1028-1041
  18. Carpenter, K.D., S. Sobieszczyk, A.J. Arnsberg, and F.A. Rinella. 2008. Pesticide Occurrence and Distribution in the Lower Clackamas River Basin, Oregon, 2000–2005.U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Scientific Investigations Report 2008–5027. Prepared in cooperation with the Clackamas Watershed Management Group (Clackamas River Water Providers and Clackamas County Water Environment Services) and the National Water-Quality Assessment Program.
  19. Drake, D, J. Hagar, C. Jordan, G. Lettman, C. Sheridan, T. Spies, and F. Swanson. 2008. Western Oregon Plan Revision (WOPR). Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Science Team Review. March 3, 2008. Compiled by Chris Sheridan.
  20. MacDonald, L.H. and D.B.R. Coe. 2008. Road sediment production and delivery: processes and management. Proceedings of the First World Landslide Forum, International Programme on Landslides and International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan.  pp. 381–384.
  21. Relyea, R.A. 2008. A cocktail of contaminants: how mixtures of pesticides at low concentrations affect aquatic communities. Oecologia (2009) 159:363-376. DOI 10.1007/s00442-008-1213-9
  22. Watersheds Research Cooperative. 2008. Hinkle Creek Paired Watershed Study.
  23. Anderson P. D., D. J. Larson, and S.S Chan. 2007. Riparian buffer and density management influences on microclimate of young headwater forests of western Oregon. Forest Science 53(2):254-269.
  24. Kibler, K.M. 2007.  The Influence of Contemporary Forest Harvesting on Summer Stream Temperatures in Headwater Streams of Hinkle Creek, Oregon. Thesis for the degree of Master of Science in Forest Engineering presented on June 28, 2007. Oregon State University.
  25. Gilliom, R. J., J.E. Barbash, C.G. Crawford, P.A. Hamilton, J.D. Martin, N. Nakagaki, L.H. Nowell, J.C. Scott, P.E. Stackelberg, G.P. Thelin, and D.M. Wolock. 2006. The Quality in Our Nation’s Water: Pesticides in the Nation’s Streams and Groundwater, 1992-2001. National Water-Quality Assessment Program. Circular 1291.
  26. Gomi T., D. Moore, and A.S. Dhakal. 2006. Headwater stream temperature response to clear-cut harvesting with different riparian treatments, coastal British Columbia. Water Resources Research 42, W08437.
  27. Hayes, T.P. 2006. Pesticides Mixtures, Endocrine Disruption, and Amphibian Declines; Are we Underestimating the Impact? Environmental Health Perspectives, 114:40-50.
  28. Relyea, R. and J. Hoverman. 2006. Assessing the ecology in ecotoxicology: a review and synthesis in freshwater systems. Ecology Letters, (2006) 9: 1157–1171.
  29. Nicholas J., B. McIntosh, and E. Bowles. 2005. Oregon Coastal Coho Assessment. Part 1: Synthesis of the Coastal Coho ESU Assessment. Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, Salem, Oregon. 69 pp.
  30. Relyea, R.A. 2005. The impact of insecticides and herbicides on the biodiversity and productivity of aquatic communities. Ecological Applications 15(2), 2005, pp. 618-627
  31. Montgomery, D.R. 2004. Geology, geomorphology, and the restoration ecology of salmon. GSA Today, 14, 4-12.
  32. Sakals, M.E. and R.C. Sidle. 2004. A spatial and temporal model of root cohesion in forest soils. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34(4): 950-958. 
  33. Kiffney, P. M., J. S. Richardson, J. P. Bull. 2003. Responses of periphyton and insect consumers to experimental manipulation of riparian buffer width along headwater streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 40:1060-1076.
  34. Wemple, B.C. and J.A. Jones. 2003. Runoff production on forest roads in a steep, mountain catchment. Water Resources Research 39, doi:10.1029/2002WR001744.
  35. Curry R.A., D.A. Scruton, and K.D. Clarke. 2002. The thermal regimes of brook trout incubation habitats and evidence of changes during forestry operations. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 1200–1207.
  36. Gomi, T., RC. Sidle, and J.S. Richardson. 2002. Understanding Processes and Downstream Linkages of Headwater Systems. Bioscience, October 2002, Vol. 52, No. 10.
  37. ODF and ODEQ Sufficiency Analysis: A Statewide Evaluation of Forest Practices Act Effectiveness in Protecting Water Quality, Oregon Department of Forestry and Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, October 2002.
  38. Graymore, M. F. Stagnitti, and G. Allinson. 2001. Impacts of atrazine in aquatic ecosystems. Environment International. Volume 26, Issues 7-8, June 2001, Pages 483-495. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  39. Jackson, C.R., C.A. Sturm, and J.M. Ward. 2001. Timber harvest impacts on small headwater stream channels in the Coast Ranges of Washington. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37(6):1533–1549.
  40. Schmidt, K.M., J.J. Roering, J.D. Stock, W.E. Dietrich, D.R. Montgomery, and T. Schaub. 2001. The variability of root cohesion as an influence on shallow landslide susceptibility in the Oregon Coast Range, Canada Geotech. J. Vol. 38; 997-1024.
  41. Wemple, B.C., F.J. Swanson, and J.A. Jones. 2001. Forest roads and geomorphic process interactions, Cascade range, Oregon. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 26, 191-204
  42. Dent L. and J. Robben. 2000. Oregon Department of Forestry: Aerial Pesticide Application Monitoring Final Report. Oregon Department of Forestry, Forest Practices Monitoring Program. Technical Report 7. March 2000.
  43. Montgomery, D.R., K.M. Schmidt, H.M. Greenberg, and W.E. Dietrich. "Forest clearing and regional landsliding," Geology, 28.4 (2000): 311-314. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  44. Luce, C.H. and T.A. Black. 1999. Sediment production from forest roads in western Oregon. Water Resources Research 35(8), 2561-2570.
  45. Recovery of Wild Salmonids in Western Oregon Forests: Oregon Forest Practices Act Rules and the Measures in the Oregon Plan for Salmon and Watersheds. Independent Multidisciplinary Science Team (IMST). Technical Report 1999-1 to the Oregon Plan for Salmon and Watersheds, Governor's Natural Resources Office, Salem, Oregon, 1999.
  46. Robison et al. Oregon Department of Forestry Storm Impacts and Landslides of 1996: A Final Report. Oregon Department of Forestry Forest Practices Monitoring Program, Forest Practices Technical Report Number 4, 1999.
  47. Van Den Berg, F.,  R. Kubiak, W.G. Benjey, M.S. Majewski, S.R. Yates, G.L. Reeves, J.H. Smelt, A.M.A. Van Der Linden. 1999. Emissions of Pesticides into the Air. Fate of Pesticides in the Atmosphere: Implications for Environmental Risk Assessment, 1999, pp. 195-218.  Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  48. Hogan, D.L., S.A. Bird, and M.A. Hassan. 1998. Spatial and Temporal Evolution of Small Coastal Gravel-Bed Streams: The Influence of Forest Management on Channel Morphology and Fish Habitats. In: Klingeman, P.C., Beschta, R.L., Komar, P.D., Bradley, J.B. (Eds.). Gravel-Bed Rivers in the Environment, Gravel Bed Rivers IV, Water Resources Publications, Highland Ranch, Colorado, pp. 365-392.
  49. Skaugset, A. and M.M. Allen. 1998. Forestry Road Sedimentation Drainage Monitoring Project for Private and State Lands in Western Oregon. Prepared for the Oregon Department of Forestry by the Forestry Engineering Department, Oregon State University. February 20, 1998.
  50. Brosofske, K.D., J. Chen, R.J. Naiman, and J.F. Franklin. 1997. Harvesting effects on microclimatic gradients from small streams to uplands in Western Washington. Ecological Applications, 7(4), 1997, pp. 1188-1200.
  51. Oregon Plan for Salmon and Watersheds, Executive Order No. EO-99-01 from Office of the Governor, State of State and Executive Summary, 1997.
  52. Majewski, M.S., and P.D. Capel. 1996. Pesticides in the Atmosphere: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors. U.S. Geological Survey. Open File Report 94-506. National Water-Quality Assessment Program.
  53. Larson, S.J., P.D. Capel, and M. Majewski. Pesticides in Surface Waters: Distribution, Trends and Governing Factors. Volume 2 of Pesticides in the Hydrologic System Series. Ann Arbor Press, Inc., Chelsea, Michigan 28118, 1995.  Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  54. Reeves, G.H., Benda, L.E., Burnett, K.M., Bisson, P.A., Sedell, R., 1995. A disturbance based ecosystem approach to maintaining and restoring freshwater habitats of evolutionarily significant units of anadromous salmonids in the Pacific Northwest. In: Nielsen, J.L. (Ed.), Evolution and the Aquatic System: Defining Unique Units in Population Conservation, American Fisheries Society Symposium 17, Bethesda, MD, USA, pp. 334– 349.
  55. Forest Ecosystem Management: An Ecological, Economic and Social Assessment, Report of the Forest Ecosystem Management Assessment Team, July 1993.
  56. Detenbeck, N.E., P.W. Devore, G.J. Niemi, and A. Lima. 1992. Recovery of temperate stream fish communities from disturbance: a review of case studies and synthesis of theory. Environmental Management 16:33-53.
  57. Norris, L.A., H.W. Lorz, and S.V. Gregory. 1991. Forest Chemicals. Influences of Forest and Rangeland Management on Salmonid Fishes and Their Habitats. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 19:27-296, 1991.
  58. Cederholm, C.J. and L.M. Reid. 1987. Impact of forest management on coho salmon (Oncorhynchus  kisutch) populations of the Clearwater River, Washington: a project summary. In. Salo, E.O., Cundy T.W. (Eds.), Streamside Management: Forestry and Fishery Interactions. Proceedings of a Symposium held at Univerity of Washington, 12-14 February 1986, Contribution no. 57. Institute of Forest Resources, Seattle, WA, pp. 373-398.
  59. Sessions, J., J.C. Balcom, and K. Boston. 1987. Road Location and Construction Practices: Effects on Landslide Frequency and Size in the Oregon Coast Range. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 2(4),pp. 119-124. Document is copyrighted. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  60. Pimentel, D. and L. Levitan. Pesticides: amounts applied and amounts reaching pests. Bioscience, Vol. 36, no. 2, 1986. Document is copyrighted. Cannot make available electronically. See hard copy.
  61. Reid, L. M. and T. Dunne. 1984. Sediment production from forest road surfaces. Water Resources Research 20(11), 1753-1761.
  62. Rood, K.M. 1984. An Aerial Photograph Inventory of the Frequency and Yield of Mass Wasting on the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Land Management Report 34, Victoria, BC.
  63. Cederholm, C.J., L.M. Redi, and E.O. Salo. 1980. Cumulative Effects of Logging Road Sediment on Salmonid Populations in the Clearwater River, Jefferson County, Washington. Contribution No. 543, College of Fisheries, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195.
  64. Cederholm, C.J. and E.O. Salo. 1979. The Effects of Logging Road Landslide Siltation on the Salmon and Trout Spawning Gravels of Stequaleho Creek and the Clearwater River Basin, Jefferson County, Washington, 1972-1978. FRI-UW-7915, Fisheries Research Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, 99 pp.
  65. Cederholm, C.J. and L.C. Lestelle. 1974. Observations on the Effects of Landslide Siltation on Salmon and Trout Resources of the Clearwater River, Jefferson County, Washington, 1972-1973: Final Report. Fisheries Research Institute, College of Fisheries, University of Washington.

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    E. Other:

    1. Oregon Department of Forestry. 2015. Forest Activity Electronic Reporting and Notification System (FERNS). https://ferns.odf.state.or.us/E-Notification
    2. Oregon Department of Environmental Quality. Accessed 2014. Water Quality: Water Quality Standards: Turbidity. http://www.deq.state.or.us/wq/standards/turbidity.htm
    3. Watershed Research Cooperative. Accessed 2014. Watershed Studies. Available online at: http://watershedsresearch.org/watershed-studies/
    4. Oregon Department of Forestry. 2013. Daily Chemical Application Record Form. Revised September 2013.
    5. National Marine Fisheries Service. 2012. Public Draft Recovery Plan for Southern Oregon/Northern California Coast Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). National Marine Fisheries Service. Arcata, CA *Public draft has since been finalized and final version is available at: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/protected_species/
      salmon_steelhead/recovery_planning_and_implementation/southern_oregon_northern
      _california_coast/SONCC_recovery_plan.html
    6. Final Settlement Agreement, Northwest Environmental Advocates v. Locke, et. al. U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon, Civil No. 09-0017-PK, September 2010.
    7. Oregon Confined Animal Feeding Operation National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System General Permit Number 01-2009, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality and Oregon Department of Agriculture, June 29, 2009.
    8. Oregon Department of Agriculture. 2009. Pesticide Use Reporting System. 2008 Annual Report.  June 2009.
    9. Mid-Coast Agricultural Water Quality Management Area Plan, Adopted 2002, Revised 2004, Revised 2009.
    10. Tenmile Lakes Watershed Total Maximum Daily Load, Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, February 2007.
    11. Tenmile Lakes Watershed Water Quality Management Plan (WQMP), Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, February 2007.
    12. Testimony of David Powers, Regional Manager for Forests and Rangelands, EPA Region 10 to Oregon Board of Forestry, November 22, 2005.
    13. Testimony of Michael Gearheard, Director, Office of Water and Watersheds, EPA Region 10 to joint Oregon Board of Forestry and Environmental Quality Commission Meeting, October 21, 2004.

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