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Coral Reefs

Coral reefs are essential to healthy coasts and vibrant economies, playing a critical role in everything from protecting lives and property to supporting thousands of businesses.

$3.4 Billion Value

The total economic value of coral reef services for the U.S.—including fisheries, tourism, and coastal protection—is over $3.4 billion each year.1

500 Million People
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Worldwide, more than 500 million people depend on coral reefs for food, income, coastal protection, and more.2

$94 Million Savings

It’s estimated that coral reefs prevent $94 million in flood damages every year. The U.S. ranks in the top 10 countries to receive risk reduction benefits from coral reefs.3

Powerful Shoreline Protection

Healthy coral reefs absorb 97 percent of a wave’s energy, which buffers shorelines from currents, waves, and storms, helping to prevent loss of life and property damage. Coastlines protected by coral reefs are also more stable in terms of erosion than those without.4

CORAL REEFS: Protectors and Providers $3.4 billion value every year, benefiting fisheries, tourism, and coastal communities
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25 Protected Species

Under the Endangered Species Act, 22 coral species are listed as threatened, and three are listed as endangered. The primary threats to coral reefs are climate change, pollution, and impacts from unsustainable fishing.5